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Daryadel, A.* ; Küng, C.J.* ; Haykir, B.* ; Sabrautzki, S. ; Hrabě de Angelis, M. ; Hernando, N.* ; Rubio-Aliaga, I.* ; Wagner, C.A.*

The Calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) has only a PTH-dependent role in the acute response of renal phosphatetransporters to phosphate intake.

Am. J. Physiol.-Renal Physiol. 326, F792-F801 (2024)
The kidney controls systemic inorganic phosphate (Pi) levels by adapting reabsorption to Pi intake. Renal Pi reabsorption is mostly mediated by sodium-phosphate cotransporters NaPi-IIa (SLC34A1) and NaPi-IIc (SLC34A3) which are tightly controlled by various hormones including parathyroid hormone (PTH) and fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23). PTH and FGF23 rise in response to Pi intake and decrease NaPi-IIa and NaPi-IIc brush border membrane abundance enhancing phosphaturia. Phosphaturia and transporter regulation occur even in the absence of PTH and FGF23 signalling. The calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) regulates PTH and FGF23 secretion, and may also directly affect renal Pi handling. Here, we combined pharmacological and genetic approaches to examine the role of the CaSR in the acute phosphaturic response to Pi-loading. Animals pretreated with the calcimimetic cinacalcet were hyperphosphatemic, had blunted PTH levels upon Pi administration, a reduced Pi-induced phosphaturia and no Pi-induced NaPi-IIa downregulation. The calcilytic NPS-2143 exaggerated the PTH response to Pi-loading but did not abolish Pi-induced downregulation of NaPi-IIa. In mice with a dominant inactivating mutation in the Casr (CasrBCH002), baseline NaPi-IIa expression was higher, whereas downregulation of transporter expression was blunted in double CasrBCH002/PTH KO transgenic animals. Thus, in response to an acute Pi load, acute modulation of the CaSR affects the endocrine and renal response, while chronic genetic inactivation, displays only subtle differences in the downregulation of NaPi-IIa and NaPi-IIc renal expression. We did not find evidence that the CaSR impacts on the acute renal response to oral Pi-loading beyond its role in regulating PTH secretion.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter Calcium-sensing Receptor ; Fibroblast Growth Factor 23 ; Kidney ; Parathyroid Hormone ; Phosphate
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0002-9513
e-ISSN 1522-1466
Quellenangaben Band: 326, Heft: 5, Seiten: F792-F801 Artikelnummer: , Supplement: ,
Verlag American Physiological Society
Nichtpatentliteratur Publikationen
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed